Know Afghanistan

General Information about Afghanistan

 Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

Location:

Southern Asia, north and west of Pakistan, east of Iran, south of Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan and west of China.
Geographic coordinates:
۳۳ ۰۰ N, 65 00 E

 Map references:

Asia:
Area:
total: 652,000 sq km; land: 652,000 sq. km; water: 0 sq km
Area – comparative:
slightly smaller than Texas
Land boundaries:
Total: 5,529 km; border countries: China 76 km, Iran 936 km, Pakistan 2,430 km, Tajikistan 1,206 km, Turkmenistan 744 km, Uzbekistan 137 km

Coastline:

۰ km (landlocked)
Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)
Climate:
arid to semiarid; cold winters and hot summers
Terrain:
mostly rugged mountains; plains in north and southwest
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Amu Darya 258 m; highest point: Nowshak 7,485 m.
Natural resources:
natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones

Land use:

arable land: 12.13%
permanent crops: 0.22%
other: 87,65% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
۲۳,۸۶۰ sq km (1998 est.)

Natural hazards:

damaging earthquakes occur in Hindu Kush mountains; flooding; draughts.
Environment – current issues:
limited natural fresh water resources; inadequate supplies of potable water; soil degradation; overgrazing; deforestation (much of the remaining forests are being cut down for fuel and building materials); desertification; air and water pollution
Environment – international agreements:
party to: Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental, Modification, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation
Geography – note:
landlocked; the Hidu Kush mountains that run northeast to southwest divide the northern provinces from the rest of the country; the highest peaks are in the northern Vakhan ( wakhan corridor).
Afghanistan People 2000

Population:

۲۵,۸۳۸,۷۹۷ (July 2000 est.)
Age structure:
۰-۱۴ years: 42.37% (male 5,598,403; female 5,371,054)
۱۵-۶۴ years: 54.86% (male 7,362,961; female 6,839,914)
۶۵ years and over: 2.77% (male 378,741; female 337,724) (2000 est.)
Population growth rate:
۳٫۵۴% (۲۰۰۰ est.)
note: this rate reflects the continued return of refugees from Iran
Birth rate:
۴۱٫۸۲-births/ 1,000 population (2000 est.)
Death rate:
۱۸٫۰۱-deaths/ 1,000 population (2000 est.)
Net migration rate:
۱۱٫۵۴ migrant(s)/1,000 population (2000 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
۱۵-۶۴ years: 1.08 male(s)/female
۶۵ years and over: 1.12 male(s)/female
total population: 1.06 male(s)/ female (2000 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
۱۴۹٫۲۸ deaths/1,000 live births (2000 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 45.88 years
male: 46.62 years
female: 45.1 years (2000 est.)
Total fertility rate:
۵٫۸۷ children born/ woman (2000 est.)

Nationality :

noun:Afghan(s)
adjective: Afghan
Ethnic groups:
Pashtun, Tajik, Uzbek, Hazara, minor ethnic groups (Aimaks, Turkmen, Baloch, and others)
Religions:
Sunni Muslim, Shia Mulsim and others
Languages:
Pashtu, Dari (Lingua Franca), Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen), 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai), much bilingualism
Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 31.5%
male: 47.2%
female: 15% (1999 est.)

Provinces

Afghanistan is divided into 34 provinces.
۱٫ Badakhshan-(Feyzabad)
۲٫ Badghis-(Qaleh-ye Now)
۳٫ Baghlan-(Baglan)
۴٫ Balkh-(Mazar-e-Shariff)
۵٫ Bamian-(Bamian)
۶٫ Daikandi(Nili)
۷٫ Farah-(Farah)
۸٫ Faryab-(Meymaneh)
۹٫ Ghazni-(Ghazni)
۱۰٫ Ghowr-(Choghcharan)
۱۱٫ Helmand-(Lashkargah)
۱۲٫ Herat-(Herat)
۱۳٫ Jowzjan-(Sheberghan)
۱۴٫ Kabul-(Kabul)
۱۵٫ Kandahar-(Kandahar)
۱۶٫ Kapisa-(Mahmud-e-Raqi)
۱۷٫ Khost
۱۸٫ Konar-(Asadabad)
۱۹٫ Kunduz-(Konduz)
۲۰٫ Laghman-(Mehtar Lam)
۲۱٫ Logar-(Pul-alam)
۲۲٫ Nangarhar-(Jalalabad)
۲۳٫ Nimruz-(Zaranj)
۲۴٫ Nuristan
۲۵٫ Oruzgan-(Tarin Kowt)
۲۶٫ Panjshir – (Bazrak )
۲۷٫ Paktia-(Gardez)
۲۸٫ Paktika-(Mahmodraqi )
۲۹٫ Parwan-(Charikar)
۳۰٫ Samangan-(Aybak)
۳۱٫ Sar-i Pol
۳۲٫ Takhar-(Taloqan)
۳۳٫ Wardak-(Maidan )
۳۴٫ Zabol-(Qalat)

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